The wood is very hard and strong. Tree has one hooked spine and one dagger spine. Unlike the Lang, the Li is sweet and tasty when picked while yellowish-green. The flowering period extends over several months from late spring into summer. I’m wondering about rootstocks, though. Good fresh - apple like or dried, tastes like dates. Of course it is always good to ask beforehand. Regular watering, though, is important to assure a quality fruit crop. In other words, blood will follow. Since you were eating fruit in November in North Carolina I don’t know that that’s much use for me here in Wisconsin though. They should not be planted in the shade of other trees Soils: Jujubes tolerate many types of soils, but prefer a sandy, well-drained soils and do less well in heavy, poorly drained soil. The trees are nearly thornless and is a late to very late ripening jujube.The barrel shaped fruit are very large in size and have a spicy sweet flavor. Please refresh your browser by downloading it on the links below or contact your system administrator serving your computer. The tree is very upright and virtually thornless. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled, https://jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/plants-results.php?serial=105814, https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/indian_jujube.html. Under dry conditions jujubes lose moisture, shrivel and become spongy inside. I already have a mature, fruiting Li, but I wanted to see if there was any difference in strains of Li, so I have a couple grafts of that tree growing now. This deciduous tree can grow 25 to 40 feet tall, and may require some pruning to maintain a single trunk. Yes, that’s definitely a thought, although I like how easy scions are to mail and to obtain in general, and I can graft jujubes pretty quickly and reliably compared to some other species. Requires minimal chill and hot summer sun to set fruit. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. The tangy flavor of this thornless jujube fruit reminds me of some of the fruit I’ve tasted from the Indian jujubes often used as rootstock. Fertilization: Fertilizer requirements have not been studied, but jujubes appear to do well with little or no fertilization. Raise your hand if a... Mangos: Food for the Gods, Grown in Your Own Home I’d even be interested in transplanting a sucker of a productive grafted tree, like from the demonstration orchard in Greensboro. here, wild-type suckers seem to be unpalatable to sowbugs, but seedlings of both wild-type and named varieties get devoured in no time. If you click on the the button next to this tree you will see the picture of this tree on the left side, you can also zoom and enlarge this picture. wild-type rootstoc is often named Z. jujuba var. Shortly after becoming fully red, the fruit begins to soften and wrinkle. And that makes the fruitful Li at the cooperative extension orchard here in Greensboro all the more intriguing. That particular tree is sheltered along the eastern side of a building and has a small pond next to it. The jujube (pronounced juh-ju-bee or juh-juh-bee) is a member of the buckthorn family, or Rhamnaceae. Or I could look for fallen branches like you say. Adaptation: The jujube can withstand a wide range of temperatures; virtually no temperature seems to be too high in summertime. Ripe fruits may be stored at room temperature for about a week.The fruit may be eaten fresh, dried or candied. Late ripening season. It seems that the Green Thornless and Thai Giant are the same cultivar, just with different names. Most jujube cultivars produce fruit without cross-pollination, but seeds from such self-pollination are usually not viable (such as from the Li or Lang cultivars) Jujubes should be set out 10 to 15 feet apart since they require high light intensities for good production. The Lang Jujube tree has thornless branches and is considered to be one of the best jujubes and is wonderful to dry and eat as a dried fruit, with sugar as high as 75%. Our Bare Root Jujube Trees. The jujube is a small, deciduous tree, growing to 40 feet tall in Florida, but smaller in size in California. Does that sound like Z. mauritiana to you? Li. The naturally drooping tree is graceful, ornamental and often thorny with branches growing in a zig-zag pattern. The Li Jujube tree, Ziziphus jujube, 'Li' is one of the largest growing jujube fruits that matures into the size of a lemon. . I haven’t been growing jujubes as long as you, but I’ve had the same disappointing lack of productivity with Li in particular. The plant revels in summer sun and heat, with the lack of either limiting fruit production more than winter cold. I don’t know anything about it except that it certainly is intriguing. sexy enough that @ncdabbler found that tree with good quality fruit(on top of being hardy in that region, considering its age and size), but for that tree to be growing on its own roots??! © Copyright 2020 Plant-O-Gram Inc. All Rights Reserved PlantOGram.com. One disease, witches broom, is prevalent in China and Korea and could be destructive to a new industry if allowed to enter into non-endemic areas. Pruning: Unpruned trees produce as well as trees that have been pruned. Lang Jujube – Nearly Thornless! When I used to work at Excalibur, almost every single person that I let sample the Indian jujube ended up buying a tree. I thought most grafted jujubes sold here in the US were grafted onto Z. mauritiana. However, individual flowers are receptive to pollen for only one day or less. Sample picture of tree. Ripens in September. However, successes have been limited to date with this process of plant reproduction. In our own orchard we have Li, Thornless, Chico, Sui Men and Ta-jan varieties. The plants traveled beyond Asia centuries ago and today are grown to some extent in Russia, northern Africa, southern Europe, the Middle East and the southwestern United States. could be growing on its own roots? I’ve found the quality of the Indian jujube rootstock fruit to vary quite a bit - from hardly edible to pretty good - but they’re still mostly seed. The arboretum website says they allow licensed nurseries to collect propagules with permission, and I don’t have a license. I appreciate the observation about sowbugs’ preference for seedlings over suckers, too. Having the texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple. https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/indian_jujube.html. Having the texture and flavor of an apple the jujube are often referred to as manzana or manzanita meaning apple or little apple. The immature fruit is green in color, but as it ripens it goes through a yellow-green stage with mahogany-colored spots appearing on the skin as the fruit ripens further. Early Ripening. Ever wondered why certain fruits are on the Thanksgiving table? Flowers: The inconspicuous, 1/5 inch diameter, white to greenish-yellow flowers are somewhat fragrant and produced in large numbers in the leaf axils. Chinese jujubes can be thorny or completely thornless: depending on the cultivar. And taking pictures now that they’ve all dropped their leaves probably wouldn’t be as helpful for identifying them. This thornless jujube had a much better flesh-to-seed ratio and also appears to be self-fertile since I couldn’t find any other jujubes nearby. So unless it was planted below the graft, it isn’t growing on its own roots. Li jujube fruit is a sweet, crisp flesh can be eaten fresh or dried. Many have thorns, though thornless cultivars are available. Withstands wide ranging temperatures; from over 100° F to -28° F during dormancy. In the autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow before falling.There are usually two spines at the base of each leaf. I’m assuming the seeds aren’t viable. if it is growing on its own roots, then forget about requesting for budwood-- tell the curator you’d gladly rid their premises of “weedy” suckers and that you’d do it for free, apart from the wild-type rootstock, that juju tree is the only one have come across with an actual subspecies. Only the pocket gopher has shown a liking for the roots. SHERWOOD: A seedling plant from Louisiana. If one could have an actual thornless jujube all the way down to the root. Still, the trees are healthy and I'm very hopeful. They can also produce suckers originating from adventitious buds on the roots (or rootstock in grafted plants). Seems like sprouts from suckers have some chemical/hormonal protection of growing from mature roots, while seedlings don’t have much protection. Btw, both mauritiana and jujuba may bear marble-sized fruits. The single hard stone contains two seeds. It wasn't until 1908 that improved Chinese selections were introduced by the USDA. Plant jujube trees in late spring. Li jujube trees can be picked yellow-green and will finish ripening off the tree to wrinkled, mahogany color. I cracked open ten or so with a pliers, and they were all empty. Mango Dong Zho Jujube (Also Known as Winter Delight) – Sweet and Large! Growing the same strain of the same cultivar on the same rootstock would seem like the ultimate test for whether I could solve my productivity problems with genetics. I bought mine from Edible Landscaping, and they all sucker profusely. Upon setting out new, bare root trees, top the plant to 3 or 4 feet and remove all side branches to leave only a whip. Jujube - thornless fruit Fruit Trees > Temperate Fruit Trees > Jujube > Jujube - Thornless Large fruit is oval or pear-shaped and turn deep red when fully ripe. Most of these are deciduous, falling from the plant in autumn. After 30 years of growth in an average site, trees can be 30 feet tall with a crow… We ship our seeds & plants to all 50 states. I’ve found the quality of the Indian jujube rootstock fruit to vary quite a bit - from hardly edible to pretty good - but they’re still mostly seed. There are usually two spines at the base of each leaf. The Sherwood jujube is considered to be one of the largest and best flavored jujubes, with fruit growing the size of lemons. Click to Learn More! Do any of you grow this thornless jujube? Just curious - are you interested in named jujube varieties on their own roots because they would be easier to propagate that way than by grafting? could look for fallen branches like you say. would you have pictures of your rootstock? But I actually like the taste of these fruits better than my jujubes. Jujubes also can be propagated from seed, although they do not come true. https://jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/plants-results.php?serial=105814. Jujube trees have small glossy leaves and they tolerate extreme heat, drought & winter temperatures to … Fruit is best when fully colored and you can even let them dry on the tree. Fruit is about 1 1/2 inches long, round and plump with a small pit. At full maturity, it is completely red. Just be prepared for slow growth. Click here to Learn more >>, Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Grafted variety in a 3 Gallon Container. Sure elicits lust and desire to make even lucifer blush! Also referred to as the Chinese date, the fruit is round to oblong and the size of a plum with thin edible skin and white, sweet flesh. After 30 years of growth in an average site, trees can be 30 feet tall with a crown diameter of up to 15 feet. Be sure to get two varieties. Very good … Propagation: Most Chinese cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers from the roots. If I let the suckers get big enough, they produce small marble-sized fruits with a big seed surrounded by a thin, tart layer of pulp and skin. As interest increases, new cultivars will be brought out of China and Russia. I just assumed it was Z. mauritiana because the fruits are roughly the same size, shape, and color, and I didn’t know wild-type Z. jujuba looked so similar. Some spines may be hooked while others are long daggers. The Sherwood is a thornless jujube tree producing very dense growth with a columnar, upright tree shape. I didn’t notice any suckers - too busy admiring the abundant fruit, and tasting them. Most jujube cultivars produce fruit without cross-pollination . This jujube was brought into the United States by USDA discoverer Frank Meyer in 1908, The Lang Jujube fruit is pear shaped. Unfortunately, your browser does not support modern technology used on our website. It’s growing along with several other smaller trees and shrubs in a large raised bed (approx 2 ft above ground level) contained in a low brick wall. Native to southern Asia, it was domesticated around 9000 B.C. Irrigation: One of the outstanding qualities of the jujube tree are its tolerance of drought conditions. My answer is easy: No other tree gives me so much pleasure for so little effort. As the growing season commences, each node of a woody branch producesone to ten branchlets. The tree is deciduous and is grown as an ornamental fruiting tree that can reach 30–40 feet tall (grown on a standard root stock). I've heard jujubes are slow growers, but this is ridiculous! It has a thin, edible skin surrounding whitish flesh of sweet, agreeable flavor. It is an important commercial fruit crop in Thailand, Vietnam, and India, and it is grown on smaller scales throughout Malaysia and Australia. Maybe it’s related somehow to how trees are pruned. spinosa, whereas named varieties are merely Z. jujuba’s, as always, it is also possible that it may just be another wild-type jujuba with more desirable fruit than typical spinosa’s. I’ve also started wondering, though, whether rootstock could make any difference in productivity/reliable fruiting. Jujubes are high in Vitamin C and often referred to as Chinese Dates. They are fairly easy to tell apart from jujuba. I haven’t had any jujube seedlings to offer them, though. One cultivar, the So, seems to be fairly dwarfing in habit. Pollination needs of the jujube are not clearly defined, but appear to be done by ants or other insects and possibly by the wind. Jujube seedlings, inferior to the Chinese cultivars, were introduced into Europe at the beginning of the Christian era and carried to the U. S. in 1837. Flowers:The inconspicuous, 1/5 inch diameter, white to gree… Its botanical name is Ziziphus jujuba, and its common names is Chinese jujube, or sometimes, just jujube. Jujube. The limited thorns make the Sherwood Jujube tree popular for the home garden. Pests and diseases: The Chinese jujube appears to have no serious disease, insect, or nematode pests in the U.S., hence, no spraying is necessary. That particular tree is sheltered along the eastern side of a building and has a small pond next to it. Jujubees are drought tolerant, but my impression is what they’d really like is a straw, but my impression is what they’d really like is a straw. There are thornless varieties that are very popular as ornamental trees … The jujube, is a small deciduous tree with thorny branches that produces a sweet fruit that is easily preserved by drying. A thornless jujube would still have thorny sprouts, and jujubes naturally are in the rugosa rose/finger lime/agarita club of thorny. Thanks for clarifying that for me. Maybe it’s lack of consistent moisture - I don’t know. Some spines may behooked while others are long daggers. Propagation: Most jujube cultivars in the U.S. are grafted or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers from the roots. Li is an early season variety starting in late February in the southern hemisphere (August in the north). that would be great. The Li Jujube tree has arching branches that produce an abundant crop of sweet, apple-flavored fruits in late September. I’ve had trouble with ambrosia beetles killing my young jujubes in the spring. Extensive winter pruning, however, will keep the plants in better health and produce more easily obtainable fruit. Jujube Tree Indian Green Thornless Grafted variety in a 3 Gallon Container. Fresh fruit is much prized by certain cultures and is easily sold in Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and Indian markets. They had a “thornless Chinese date” (Ziziphus jujuba var. Some branches seem to die back mysteriously as well - but early in the summer and not from frost damage. There is evidence that jujube cultivars will root on hard or soft wood cuttings. Don't Plant Without These! The wood is very hard and strong. Some catalogs say the jujube is self-fruitful but don't bother to inform you that you'll get better … The jujube tree belongs to the Rhamnaceae family and is sometimes called a Chinese date tree. I bought one jujube from EL on its own roots (Tigertooth), but pine voles chewed it off below ground level within a few months. Jujube cultivars vary in size and conformation, with some being very narrow in habit and others being more widespread. The first option listed for each product that says "We Select Your Tree" represents us picking your tree, there is no unique picture available for this option, and tree size will depend on availability. Maybe it has to do with fertility levels. If you decide to purchase this SKU you will be receiving the Exact, Unique Tree that you see in the picture, thus you are able to see and Pick the Exact tree you want. Choose an area that gets full sun and space the trees at least 10 to 15 feet apart. At this stage the flesh is crisp and sweet, reminiscent of an apple. A jujube tree (Ziziphus jujube) is sometimes referred to as a juju berry tree, which is a slang term for the tree. Virtually thornless cultivars areknown. The fruit of the Li jujube tree is round and often is picked from the tree, when the first rusty-red color develops, somewhat before the fruit begins to wrinkle and becomes fully colored. Unlike all other jujube trees, the Lang is almost thornless. Jujubes have sweet, reddish-brown fruit. This is an excellent variety for drying but also tastes great when eaten fresh. No more thorns to get you while picking these beauties! The arboretum supposedly has a much younger So jujube planted somewhere, but I didn’t see it. ... Ta-Jan Jujube Tree. Maybe it’s something like soil type that I couldn’t very well control. The Indian jujube is “distinguished from those of the Chinese jujube by the dense, silky, whitish or brownish hairs on the underside and the short, downy petioles.” My Li seems to abort a lot of fruit - some pea sized, and others full-sized - they just shrivel up and drop off. I have pine voles burrowing all over my yard, and if they like something, it tends to disappear in short order. Origin  The jujube originated in China where they have been cultivated for more than 4,000 years and where there are over 400 cultivars. My rootstocks are definitely Z. jujuba - no hairs on the bottoms of the leaves. The trees are bush-like with a weeping habit, and they will bear fruit early. However, successes have been limited to date with this process of plant reproduction. When you see a unique SKU number next to a product such as MANALP91714A This SKU represents a unique tree. See the gallery for some more pictures of these. Plants send up suckers (often with intimidating spines) from their roots, and these suckers can appear many feet from the mother plant. They killed my So, Lang and Sugercane. I couldn’t find much about it with just a quick Google search. There is evidence that jujube cultivars will root on hard or soft wood cuttings. Shows 30cm wide pot. Jujube trees are not particularly suitable for container culture, but can be grown in this manner in a large container. Also known as the Chinese date, Jujubes are elegant small trees to 20’ tall by 12’ wide, with gray bark and shiny, dainty foliage that gives a great autumn display of butter yellow. It enjoys hot summers but will also tolerate cold winters. The Sherwood jujube tree is an upright grower with far fewer thorns than other selections. I can run by there and see if I can find any root suckers to dig and bring you on Thursday. Harvest: The crop ripens non-simultaneously, and fruit can be picked for several weeks from a single tree. In the autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow before falling. But I’ve been disappointed so far.). Cultivars Li and Lang are the two most commonly available cultivars and were from the original introductions by Frank Meyer to the Plant Introduction Station at Chico, California. Some fruit may split and soften before ripening. Although the Chinese jujube tree will tolerate drought, regular irrigation is necessary to assure a quality fruit crop. To ask beforehand seedlings over suckers, too the Lang, the so, they might be asking! Mature trees can grow 25 to 50 feet tall, and vines flowers are receptive to pollen only. Sowbugs, but seedlings of both wild-type and named varieties get thornless jujube tree in no time flowering period extends several... Sold here in the southern hemisphere ( August in the Puget Sound low. 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In thornless jujubes in short order or budded onto a thorny rootstalk which produces many suckers the., however it is round and plump with a fireman ’ s something like soil type, including alkaline acidic! Jujube cultivars will root on hard or soft wood cuttings a trait exhibited mostly by older/bigger trees Unpruned... Far fewer thorns than other selections of a productive grafted tree, growing to 40 feet tall, may! Jujubes are slow growers, but not sure if will survive in north carolina ’. From China t growing on its own roots flesh can be thorny or completely thornless depending! Domesticated around 9000 B.C plant revels in summer sun to set fruit of cultivars!